Value elicitation on a scenario of autonomous weapon system deployment: a qualitative study based on the value deliberation process

E.P. Verdiesen, M.V. Dignum

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Abstract

Ethical concerns on autonomous weapon systems (AWS) call for a process of human oversight to ensure accountability over targeting decisions and the use of force. To align the behavior of autonomous systems with human values and norms, the Design for Values approach can be used to consciously embody values in the deployment of AWS. One instrument for the elicitation of values during the design is participative deliberation. In this paper, we describe a participative deliberation method and results of a value elicitation by means of the value deliberation process for which we organized two panels each consisting of a mixture of experts in the field of AWS working in military operations, foreign policy, NGO’s and industry. The results of our qualitative study indicate not only that value discussion leads to changes in perception of the acceptability of alternatives, or options, in a scenario of AWS deployment, it also gives insight in to which values are deemed important and highlights that trust in the decision-making of an AWS is crucial.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s43681-022-00211-2
Pages (from-to)887-900
Number of pages13
JournalAI and Ethics
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Autonomous weapon systems
  • Value deliberation
  • Responsible AI
  • Accountability
  • Human oversight
  • Design for values

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