Velocity-Based EDR Retrieval Techniques Applied to Doppler Radar Measurements from Rain: Two Case Studies

Albert Oude Nijhuis, Christine Unal, Oleg Krasnov, Herman Russchenberg, Alexander Yarovoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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In this article, five velocity-based energy dissipation rate (EDR) retrieval techniques are assessed. The EDR retrieval techniques are applied to Doppler measurements from Transportable Atmospheric Radar (TARA)—a precipitation profiling radar—operating in the vertically fixed-pointing mode. A generalized formula for the Kolmogorov constant is derived, which gives potential for the application of the EDR retrieval techniques to any radar line of sight (LOS). Two case studies are discussed that contain rain events of about 2 and 18 h, respectively. The EDR values retrieved from the radar are compared to in situ EDR values from collocated sonic anemometers. For the two case studies, a correlation coefficient of 0.79 was found for the wind speed variance (WSV) EDR retrieval technique, which uses 3D wind vectors as input and has a total sampling time of 10 min. From this comparison it is concluded that the radar is able to measure EDR with a reasonable accuracy. Almost no correlation was found for the vertical wind velocity variance (VWVV) EDR retrieval technique, as it was not possible to sufficiently separate the turbulence dynamics contribution to the radar Doppler mean velocities from the velocity contribution of falling raindrops. An important cause of the discrepancies between radar and in situ EDR values is thus due to insufficient accurate estimation of vertical air velocities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1693–1711
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Radar observations
  • Radars
  • Rainfall
  • Remote sensing
  • Turbulence
  • Weather radar signal processing

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