Verifiable hybrid secret sharing with few qubits

Victoria Lipinska, Gláucia Murta, Jérémy Ribeiro, Stephanie Wehner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We consider the task of sharing a secret quantum state in a quantum network in a verifiable way. We propose a protocol that achieves this task, while reducing the number of required qubits, as compared to the existing protocols. To achieve this, we combine classical encryption of the quantum secret with an existing verifiable quantum secret sharing scheme based on Calderbank-Shor-Steane quantum error correcting codes. In this way we obtain a verifiable hybrid secret sharing scheme for sharing qubits, which combines the benefits of quantum and classical schemes. Our scheme does not reveal any information to any group of less than half of the n nodes participating in the protocol. Moreover, for sharing a one-qubit state each node needs a quantum memory to store n single-qubit shares, and requires a workspace of at most 3n qubits in total to verify the quantum secret. Importantly, in our scheme an individual share is encoded in a single qubit, as opposed to previous schemes requiring ω(logn) qubits per share. Furthermore, we define a ramp verifiable hybrid scheme. We give explicit examples of various verifiable hybrid schemes based on existing quantum error correcting codes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032332
Number of pages15
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume101
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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