Virtual acoustics in inhomogeneous media with single-sided access

Kees Wapenaar*, Joeri Brackenhoff, Jan Thorbecke, Joost Van Der Neut, Evert Slob, Eric Verschuur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
81 Downloads (Pure)


A virtual acoustic source inside a medium can be created by emitting a time-reversed point-source response from the enclosing boundary into the medium. However, in many practical situations the medium can be accessed from one side only. In those cases the time-reversal approach is not exact. Here, we demonstrate the experimental design and use of complex focusing functions to create virtual acoustic sources and virtual receivers inside an inhomogeneous medium with single-sided access. The retrieved virtual acoustic responses between those sources and receivers mimic the complex propagation and multiple scattering paths of waves that would be ignited by physical sources and recorded by physical receivers inside the medium. The possibility to predict complex virtual acoustic responses between any two points inside an inhomogeneous medium, without needing a detailed model of the medium, has large potential for holographic imaging and monitoring of objects with single-sided access, ranging from photoacoustic medical imaging to the monitoring of induced-earthquake waves all the way from the source to the earth's surface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2497
Number of pages7
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


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