Viscous forces and bulk viscoelasticity near jamming

Karsten Baumgarten, Brian Tighe

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When weakly jammed packings of soft, viscous, non-Brownian spheres are probed mechanically, they respond with a complex admixture of elastic and viscous effects. While many of these effects are understood for specific, approximate models of the particles' interactions, there are a number of proposed force laws in the literature, especially for viscous interactions. We numerically measure the complex shear modulus G* of jammed packings for various viscous force laws that damp relative velocities between pairs of contacting particles or between a particle and the continuous fluid phase. We find a surprising sensitive dependence of G* on the viscous force law: the system may or may not display dynamic critical scaling, and the exponents describing how G* scales with frequency can change. We show that this sensitivity is closely linked to manner in which viscous damping couples to floppy-like, non-affine motion, which is prominent near jamming.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8368-8378
JournalSoft Matter
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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