Visualised Frames: How Sketching Influences Framing Behaviour in Design Teams

Yujing Yang, N.J. Brik, Peter de Jong, Milene Guerreiro Goncalves

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Framing is a crucial skill for connecting problem and solution spaces in the creative design process, both for individuals and teams. Frames are implicit in individuals’ cognitive thinking, but the creation of shared frames plays a vital role in collaborative design. Many studies have attempted to describe the framing process, but little is still known about how to support designers in framing, specifically in teams. This paper addresses this gap, by exploring the connection between sketching and framing within interdisciplinary teams. Following a qualitative and explorative approach, we have investigated the process and outcome of five interdisciplinary teams. We identified that sketching assists in the creation and elaboration of frames. Furthermore, in tandem with discussion and reflection, sketching helps increase the chance of a frame to survive within the design process. Our findings have practical and educational implications for improving the creative design process in interdisciplinary teams.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED19
EditorsPetra Badke Schaub, Maaike Kleinsmann
Place of PublicationDelft
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventInternational Conference on Engineering Design - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 5 Aug 20198 Aug 2019
Conference number: 22

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED
ISSN (Print)2220-4334


ConferenceInternational Conference on Engineering Design
Abbreviated titleICED2019


  • Collaborative design
  • Design process
  • Framing
  • Sketching
  • Visualisation

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