Visualization of hydraulic conditions inside the feed channel of Reverse Osmosis: A practical comparison of velocity between empty and spacer-filled channel

A. H. Haidari, S. G J Heijman, W. G J van der Meer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)
34 Downloads (Pure)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-241
Number of pages10
JournalWater Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • Feed spacer
  • Membrane
  • Particle image velocimetry
  • Reverse Osmosis
  • Spiral wound modules

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