ViTaLS -A Novel Link-Layer Scheduling Framework for Tactile Internet over Wi-Fi

Vineet Gokhale, Kees Kroep, R. Venkatesha Prasad, Boris Bellalta, Falko Dressler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The pioneering field of Tactile Internet (TI) will enable the transfer of human skills over long distances through haptic feedback. Realizing this demands a roundtrip latency of sub-5 ms. In this work, we investigate the capability of Wi-Fi 6 and existing TI scheduling/multiplexing schemes in meeting this stringent latency constraint. Taking the concrete example of the state-of-the-art Video-Haptic multiplexer (VH-multiplexer), we highlight the pitfalls of relying on the existing Wi-Fi 6 systems for TI communication. To circumvent this, we propose Video-Tactile Latency Scheduler (ViTaLS) -a novel link layer framework for tuning the video-tactile frame transmissions to suit their heterogeneous QoS requirements. We present a mathematical model to characterize the packet transmission duration of Vi-TaLS. Using a custom simulator, we validate our model and measure the objective performance improvement of ViTaLS over VH-multiplexer. We also present ViTaLS-optimal -a variant of ViTaLS, for further reducing the tactile latency. Objectively, we show that ViTaLS-optimal yields a latency improvement of up to 82%. Based on experiments conducted on a real TI testbed, we subjectively demonstrate that ViTaLS-optimal outperforms the VH-multiplexer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2023


  • Tactile Internet
  • Wi-Fi 6
  • 802.11ax
  • ViTaLS
  • ultra-low latency


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