Wave-Domain Approach for Cancelling Noise Entering Open Windows

Daan Ratering, W. Bastiaan Kleijn, Jean Gonzalez Silva, Riccardo M.G. Ferrari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Active control of noise propagating through apertures is commonly realized with closed-loop LMS algorithms. However, these algorithms require a large number of error microphones and provide only local attenuation. Slow convergence and high computational effort are additional disadvantages. We propose a wave-domain approach that converges instantaneously, operates with low computational effort and does not require error microphones. It inherently controls sound in all directions in the far-field. The soundfield from the aperture is matched in a least squares sense with the generated soundfield from the loudspeaker array using orthonormal basis functions. Compensation for algorithmic delay, induced by blockwise processing, can be based on microphone placement or signal prediction, at the cost of a loss in attenuation performance. Our simulation results indicate that wave-domain processing has the potential to outperform LMS-based methods in practical active noise control for apertures.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ICASSP 2022 - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)
Place of PublicationPiscataway
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-0540-9
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-0541-6
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventICASSP 2022 - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP) - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 23 May 202227 May 2022


ConferenceICASSP 2022 - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • open window
  • aperture
  • active noise control
  • wave-domain algorithm
  • multiple-error least mean squares algorithm
  • algorithmic delay compensation


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