Wavelet scattering network-based machine learning for ground penetrating radar imaging: Application in pipeline identification

Yang Jin*, Yunling Duan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
39 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Automatic and efficient ground penetrating radar (GPR) data analysis remains a bottleneck, especially restricting applications in real-time monitoring systems. Deep learning approaches have good practice in automatic object identification, but their intensive data requirement has reduced their applicability. This paper developed a machine learning framework based on wavelet scattering networks to analyze GPR data for subsurface pipeline identification. Wavelet scattering network is functionally equivalent to convolutional neural networks, and its null-parameter property is intended for non-intensive datasets. A double-channel framework is designed with wavelet scattering networks followed by support vector machines to determine the existence of pipelines on vertical and horizontal traces separately. Classification accuracy rates arrive around 98% and 95% for datasets without and with noises, respectively, as well as 97% for considering surface roughness. Pipeline locations and diameters are convenient to determine from the reconstructed profiles of both simulated and practical GPR signals. However, the results of 5 cm pipelines are sensitive to noises. Nonetheless, the developed machine learning approach presents promising applicability in subsurface pipeline identification.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3655
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume12
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Ground penetrating radar
  • Machine learning
  • Pipeline identification
  • Support vector machine
  • Wavelet scattering network

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