What safety models and principles can be adapted and used in security science?

Genserik Reniers, Gabriele Landucci, Nima Khakzad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Engineering risk management is comprised of managing operational safety risks on the one hand and managing physical security risks on the other. Although some basic management principles are obviously the same for both safety and security, some important conceptual and calculation differences exist, as is explained in this paper. For instance, safety risk is usually calculated based on the scenarios’ consequences and likelihoods, while security needs to be determined by the assessment of vulnerability, the likelihood of attack and potential consequences. Nonetheless, there are also many similarities. Conceptual models, metaphors and principles that have been elaborated in the safety domain during the past century, many of them based on major accidents and their investigation, can easily be translated to the security domain. In the present study, we will explain how physical security should be seen in relation to safety, and what models and principles, derived from safety science, can be employed to manage the security aspects associated with physical threats.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104068
JournalJournal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Learning from safety
  • Security management
  • Security models
  • Security principles

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