Will Automotive Be the Future of Mobility? Striving for Six Zeros

Frank Rieck, Kees Machielse, Ron van Duin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Will automotive be the future of mobility or will the motorcar era come to an end in the 21st century? Today, auto-mobility is still growing, but in the future, this will depend on its ability to adapt to the needs of modern society. Disruptive technologies like electrification, automation, and connectivity can make automotive more sustainable by striving for the Six Zero goals: Zero Emission, Zero Energy, Zero Congestion, Zero Accident, Zero Empty, and Zero Cost. These tempting goals can lead not only to a more sustainable ecology, but also to a new economy with more efficient use of the time and money needed for mobility. In this future mobility framework, this article describes the practice-oriented research of the Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences with its regional partners to achieve these goals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0010
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalWorld Electric Vehicle Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Automotive
  • electric vehicle (EV)
  • Sustainability
  • Disruptive technologies
  • Electrification
  • Connectivity
  • Sharing
  • Smart e-Mobility
  • Six Zeros


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