In this study, the aerodynamic performance of a thick airfoil is analysed, after installing leading-edge roughness to emulate a severe state on the airfoil surface. The impact on aerodynamic coefficients has been quantified using two roughness methods: zig-zag tape and sandpaper. Wind tunnel tests are carried out at a Reynolds number of 3•106. At low angles of attack, zig-zag tape and sandpaper provide comparable lift and drag coefficients but significant variations of these coefficients are obtained for high angles of attack. Stalled flow is the cause of the most significant variation on the airfoil performance between smooth and rough surface states. Vortex generators are adapted to recover the lift coefficient value previously given by the airfoil under smooth conditions. As a result, vortex generators are able to reduce the loss of lift and the sensitivity of the airfoil to the rough state.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Physics: Conference Series|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Sep 2020|
|Event||Science of Making Torque from Wind 2020, TORQUE 2020 - Online, Virtual, Online, Netherlands|
Duration: 28 Sep 2020 → 2 Oct 2020