Bubbles and slugs coexist in a fluidized bed with strong inter-particle forces. However, the effects bubbles and slugs impose over fluidizing stability, and chemical reaction efficiency are different. The present work distinguished bubbles and slugs with the aid of X-ray tomography, and the evolution of their properties with varying inter-particle force in a fluidized bed were studied. The results show that the gas-holding capacity of the emulsion phase improves as inter-particle forces initially increase. In this process, the bubble frequency decreases noticeably, and the bubble size slightly increases. Bubbles rise slower than theoretically predicted because inter-particle force reduces the particle flow. The frequency and the size of slugs increase with inter-particle forces. As forces initially increases, the slug size increases with measurement height. An opposite trend is observed when inter-particle forces continues to strengthen. Near the gas distributor, the slug rising velocity is independent of size. In contrast, large slugs have a higher velocity than small slugs near the bed surface. Finally, three slugging patterns are distinguished, and the influence they impose on particle flow is analyzed.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||International Journal of Multiphase Flow|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- Fluidized bed
- Inter-particle force
- X-ray tomography