European Geosciences Union (EGU) - GD1.2: "Structure, origin, and evolution of intraplate magmatism in space and time; insights from petrological, geochemical and geophysical studies"

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The introduction of the plate tectonics theory in the 1960s has been able to satisfactory explain ~90% of the Earth’s volcanism, attributing it to either convergent or divergent plate boundaries. However, the origin of a significant amount of volcanism occurring on the interior of both continental and oceanic tectonic plates – widely known as intraplate volcanism – is considered to be unrelated to common plate boundary processes. A variety of models have been developed to explain the origins of this enigmatic type of magmatism. With time, technological breakthroughs have enabled improvement of instrumentation, resolution, and numerical modelling, as well as the development of new techniques that allow us to better understand mantle dynamics in the Earth’s interior. This technological improvement has helped re-evaluate and refine existing models and develop new models on the origins of intraplate magmatism. These models in turn, provide better insights on processes at depth, and also shed light on the complex interactions between the mantle and the surface. Understanding what triggers magmatism away from plate boundaries is critical to understand and reconstruct the evolution of Earth’s mantle through time, especially in eras where the tectonic plates weren’t yet developed or when the surface of the Earth was dominated by supercontinents. Investigating the relationship between the kinematics and mechanics of the tectonic plates on the one hand and the mantle dynamics on the other can give insights on the impact of the magmatism on the plates themselves. Moreover, deciphering the origins of intraplate magmatism on Earth can give us invaluable knowledge towards understanding magmatism on other planetary bodies in the solar system and beyond.
We welcome contributions dealing with the origins and evolution of intraplate magmatism, both in continental and oceanic settings, using a variety of approaches and techniques to tackle outstanding questions, such as but not limited to: petrological, geochemical, geochgronological and isotopic data, geophysical and geodynamical analysis, and seismological data. The aim of the session is to bring together scientists looking to understand intraplate magmatism using different approaches and to enhance discussion and collaboration between the various disciplines.
PeriodApr 2024
Event typeConference
Degree of RecognitionInternational