The performance of solid-state nanopores as promising biosensors is severely hampered by low-frequency 1/f noise in the through-pore ionic current recordings. Here, we develop a model for the 1/f noise in such nanopores, that, unlike previous reports, accounts for contributions from both the pore-cylinder, pore-surface, and access regions. To test our model, we present measurements of the open-pore current noise through solid-state nanopores of different diameters (1-50 nm). To describe the observed trends, it appears essential to include the access resistance in the modeling of the 1/f noise. We attribute a different Hooge constant for the charge carrier fluctuations occurring in the bulk electrolyte and at the pore surface. The model reported here can be used to accurately analyze different contributions to the nanopore low-frequency noise, rendering it a powerful tool for characterizing and comparing different membrane materials in terms of their 1/f noise properties.
Bibliographical noteAccepted Author Manuscript
- 1/f noise
- access resistance
- Hooges model
- ion transport