2-Deoxy-d-ribose-5-phosphate aldolase (DERA): applications and modifications

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Abstract

© 2018, The Author(s). 2-Deoxy-d-ribose-5-phosphate aldolase (DERA) is a class I aldolase that offers access to several building blocks for organic synthesis. It catalyzes the stereoselective C–C bond formation between acetaldehyde and numerous other aldehydes. However, the practical application of DERA as a biocatalyst is limited by its poor tolerance towards industrially relevant concentrations of aldehydes, in particular acetaldehyde. Therefore, the development of proper experimental conditions, including protein engineering and/or immobilization on appropriate supports, is required. The present review is aimed to provide a brief overview of DERA, its history, and progress made in understanding the functioning of the enzyme. Furthermore, the current understanding regarding aldehyde resistance of DERA and the various optimizations carried out to modify this property are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9959-9971
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume102
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Aldol reaction
  • Aldolase
  • C–C bond
  • DERA
  • Immobilization
  • Protein engineering

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