A 120-MHz BW, 122-dBFS SFDR CT ΔΣ ADC With a Multi-Path Multi-Frequency Chopping Scheme

Sundeep Javvaji*, Muhammed Bolatkale, Shagun Bajoria, Robert Rutten, Bert Oude Essink, Koen Beijens, Kofi A.A. Makinwa, Lucien J. Breems

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Advances in CMOS technologies and circuit techniques have led to the development of continuous-time delta–sigma modulators (CT Δ Σ Ms) that sample at gigahertz (GHz) frequencies and achieve high linearity < − 100 dBc and > 120 dBFS spurious-free dynamic ranges (SFDRs) in wide bandwidths ( > 100 MHz). However, at low frequencies ( ≤ 10 MHz), their performance is limited by the 1/ f noise generated by the near-minimum size devices used in their wide-bandwidth input stages. This, in turn, limits their use in radio receivers intended to cover both the AM and FM bands. In this work, a multi-path multi-frequency chopping scheme is proposed to suppress 1/ f noise, while preserving interferer robustness, thermal noise levels, and linearity. Implemented in a CT ΔΣ analog-to-digital converter (ADC) sampling at 6 GHz, it achieves a 22 × reduction in 1/ f noise, as well as 122-dBFS SFDR and − 98.3-dBc THD in a 120-MHz BW.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • Analog-to-digital converter (ADC)
  • continuous time (CT)
  • delta–sigma ( $\Delta\Sigma$ )
  • multi-path chopping
  • wideband receiver


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