A Code for the Preliminary Design of Cooled Supercritical CO2 Turbines and Application to the Allam Cycle

Roberto Scaccabarozzi*, Emanuele Martelli, Matteo Pini, Carlo Maria De Servi, Paolo Chiesa, Manuele Gatti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

This paper documents a thermo-fluid-dynamic mean-line model for the preliminary design of multistage axial turbines with blade cooling applicable to supercritical CO2 turbines. Given the working fluid and coolant inlet thermodynamic conditions, blade geometry, number of stages and load criterion, the model computes the stage-by-stage design along with the cooling requirement and ultimately provides an estimate of turbine efficiency via a semi-empirical loss model. Different cooling modes are available and can be selected by the user (stand-alone or combination): convective cooling, film cooling, and thermal barrier coating. The model is applied to attain the preliminary aero-thermal design of the 600 MW cooled axial supercritical CO2 turbine of the Allam cycle. Results show that a load coefficient varying from 3 to 1 throughout the machine, and a reaction degree ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 lead to the maximum total-to-static turbine efficiency of about 85%. Consequently, as opposed to uncooled CO2 turbines, a repeated stage configuration is an unsuited design choice for cooled sCO2 machines. Moreover, the study highlights that film cooling is considerably less effective compared to conventional gas turbines, while increasing the number of stages from 5 to 6 and adopting higher rotational speeds leads to an increased efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31012
JournalJournal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power
Volume144
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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