A comparative study on the mechanical properties, autogenous shrinkage and cracking proneness of alkali-activated concrete and ordinary Portland cement concrete

Zhenming Li, Brice Delsaute, Tianshi Lu, Albina Kostiuchenko, Stéphanie Staquet, Guang Ye

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Abstract

This study aims to compare the developments of mechanical properties and autogenous shrinkage related properties of alkali-activated materials-based concrete (AC) and ordinary Portland cement-based concrete (OC) against curing age and degree of reaction. Temperature Stress Testing Machines are utilized to monitor the evolution of the internal tensile stress and the cracking occurrence in the restrained concrete. It is found that AC shows lower tensile strength-to-compressive strength ratios than OC. The mechanical properties of both OC and AC can be modelled by a power law against the degree of reaction. AC shows higher autogenous shrinkage, but later cracking than OC when under restrained condition. However, the degrees of reaction at which AC and OC cracked are very similar. From the autogenous shrinkage, the elastic modulus and the self-induced stress, the elastic and creep deformations of the concrete can be calculated. AC is found to show much higher creep coefficient than OC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123418
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Alkali-activated concrete
  • Autogenous shrinkage
  • Creep
  • Mechanical properties
  • Modelling
  • OPC concrete

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