We present an approach to build a reduced-order model for nonlinear, time-dependent, parametrized partial differential equations in a nonintrusive manner. The approach is based on combining proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) with a Smolyak hierarchical interpolation model for the POD coefficients. The sampling of the high-fidelity model to generate the snapshots is based on a locally adaptive sparse grid method. The novelty of the work is in the adaptive sampling of time, which is treated as an additional parameter. The goal is to have a robust and efficient sampling strategy that minimizes the risk of overlooking important dynamics of the system while disregarding snapshots at times when the dynamics are not contributing to the construction of the reduced model. The developed algorithm was tested on three numerical tests. The first was an advection problem parametrized with a five-dimensional space. The second was a lid-driven cavity test, and the last was a neutron diffusion problem in a subcritical nuclear reactor with 11 parameters. In all tests, the algorithm was able to detect and include more snapshots in important transient windows, which produced accurate and efficient representations of the high-fidelity models.
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- Locally adaptive sparse grid
- Proper orthogonal decomposition