A methodology for least-squares local quasi-geoid modelling using a noisy satellite-only gravity field model

R. Klees*, D. C. Slobbe, H. H. Farahani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
56 Downloads (Pure)


The paper is about a methodology to combine a noisy satellite-only global gravity field model (GGM) with other noisy datasets to estimate a local quasi-geoid model using weighted least-squares techniques. In this way, we attempt to improve the quality of the estimated quasi-geoid model and to complement it with a full noise covariance matrix for quality control and further data processing. The methodology goes beyond the classical remove–compute–restore approach, which does not account for the noise in the satellite-only GGM. We suggest and analyse three different approaches of data combination. Two of them are based on a local single-scale spherical radial basis function (SRBF) model of the disturbing potential, and one is based on a two-scale SRBF model. Using numerical experiments, we show that a single-scale SRBF model does not fully exploit the information in the satellite-only GGM. We explain this by a lack of flexibility of a single-scale SRBF model to deal with datasets of significantly different bandwidths. The two-scale SRBF model performs well in this respect, provided that the model coefficients representing the two scales are estimated separately. The corresponding methodology is developed in this paper. Using the statistics of the least-squares residuals and the statistics of the errors in the estimated two-scale quasi-geoid model, we demonstrate that the developed methodology provides a two-scale quasi-geoid model, which exploits the information in all datasets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431–442
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Geodesy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Least-squares approximation
  • Local quasi-geoid modelling
  • Multi-scale analysis
  • Noisy global gravity field model
  • Poisson wavelets
  • Spherical radial basis functions


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