This article presents a parameter recognition-based impedance tuning method for the impedance mismatch caused by capacitance drift and coil misalignment in series-series-compensated wireless power transfer (WPT) systems. First, a parameter recognition method is proposed to identify the unknown parameters of the resonant circuits by only measuring the rms values of the coil currents. No phase detection circuits and auxiliary measurement coils are required. Furthermore, according to the recognized parameters, the reactance on both sides are minimized simultaneously by regulating the system frequency and the phase shift angles of the active rectifier. Compared with the existing methods, the proposed parameter recognition method adopts a dynamic frequency approaching strategy to avoid severe system detuning due to the bifurcation phenomenon. Moreover, based on the recognized parameters, the proposed impedance tuning method can simultaneously cope with the parameter deviations caused by capacitance drift and coil misalignment on both sides without using extra circuits and switches. Experimental results show that the unknown parameters of the resonant circuits are recognized accurately, with the average relative errors all less than 3%. Additionally, by implementing the impedance tuning method, the dc to dc efficiency of the WPT prototype is improved by 4.3%-15% in the experiments.
Bibliographical noteGreen Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.
- capacitance drift
- coil misalignment
- Impedance tuning
- parameter recognition
- Resonant frequency
- RLC circuits
- wireless power transfer (WPT)