A systematic review and meta-analysis of thermal coagulation compared with cryotherapy to treat precancerous cervical lesions in low- and middle-income countries

Marlieke de Fouw, Roos Marieke Oosting, Amy Rutgrink, Olaf Matthijs Dekkers, Alexander Arnold Willem Peters, Jogchum Jan Beltman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Thermal coagulation is gaining popularity for treating cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in screening programs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) due to unavailability of cryotherapy. Objectives: Assess the effectiveness of thermal coagulation for treatment of CIN lesions compared with cryotherapy, with a focus on LMICs. Search strategy: Papers were identified from previous reviews and electronic literature search in February 2018 with publication date after 2010. Selection criteria: Publications with original data evaluating cryotherapy or thermal coagulation with proportion of cure as outcome, assessed by colposcopy, biopsy, cytology, and/or visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), and minimum 6 months follow-up. Data collection and analysis: Pooled proportions of cure are presented stratified per treatment modality, type of lesion, and region. Main results: Pooled cure proportions for cryotherapy and thermal coagulation, respectively, were 93.8% (95% CI, 88.5–97.7) and 91.4% (95% CI, 84.9–96.4) for CIN 1; 82.6% (95% CI, 77.4–87.3) and 91.6% (95% CI, 88.2–94.5) for CIN 2–3; and 92.8% (95% CI, 85.6–97.7) and 90.1% (95% CI, 87.0–92.8) for VIA-positive lesions. For thermal coagulation of CIN 2–3 lesions in LMICs 82.4% (95% CI, 75.4–88.6). Conclusions: Both cryotherapy and thermal coagulation are effective treatment modalities for CIN lesions in LMICs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-18
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume147
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer screening
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
  • Cryotherapy
  • Effectiveness
  • Low- and middle-income countries
  • Systematic review
  • Thermal coagulation

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