A Virtual Impedance-Based Active Damping Control Strategy for Triple Active Bridge Converter

Haoyuan Yu, Hanwen Zhang, Qi Zhang, Yanbo Wang, Zian Qin, Zhe Chen, Pavol Bauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Multiport dc–dc converters have been intensively concerned and studied in power electronics-based systems. However, the instability issue and its suppression method are rarely discussed. This article investigates the stability of the triple active bridge (TAB) converter with two constant power loads by impedance-based method, where the output impedance of the TAB converter is derived by the extra element theorem. Then, a virtual impedance-based active damping (AD) control is proposed, where the virtual impedance has four different positions at the output capacitor of the dc port. The effect of the proposed AD control on output impedance and system dynamic response is analyzed. Meanwhile, the range of the virtual impedance is specified. Simulation is performed in PLECS and experimental tests are conducted on a scale-down TAB prototype to verify the effectiveness of the proposed AD control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • Active damping (AD)
  • Damping
  • extra element theorem (EET)
  • Impedance
  • multiport dc–dc converter
  • Oscillators
  • Shock absorbers
  • stability analysis
  • Stability criteria
  • Traction power supplies
  • triple active bridge (TAB) converter
  • virtual impedance
  • Voltage control


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