Active learning based segmentation of Crohns disease from abdominal MRI

D Mahapatra, FM Vos, JM Buhmann

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper proposes a novel active learning (AL) framework, and combines it with semi supervised learning (SSL) for segmenting Crohns disease (CD) tissues from abdominal magnetic resonance (MR) images. Robust fully supervised learning (FSL) based classifiers require lots of labeled data of different disease severities. Obtaining such data is time consuming and requires considerable expertise. SSL methods use a few labeled samples, and leverage the information from many unlabeled samples to train an accurate classifier. AL queries labels of most informative samples and maximizes gain from the labeling effort. Our primary contribution is in designing a query strategy that combines novel context information with classification uncertainty and feature similarity. Combining SSL and AL gives a robust segmentation method that: (1) optimally uses few labeled samples and many unlabeled samples; and (2) requires lower training time. Experimental results show our method achieves higher segmentation accuracy than FSL methods with fewer samples and reduced training effort.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)75-85
    JournalComputer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
    Volume128
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Keywords

    • Crohns disease
    • Segmentation
    • Semi supervised classification
    • Active learning
    • Graph cuts
    • Label query

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