Aeroacoustic study of a wavy stator leading edge in a realistic fan/OGV stage

Damiano Casalino*, Francesco Avallone, Ignacio Gonzalez-Martino, Daniele Ragni

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)
140 Downloads (Pure)


The effect of sinusoidal serrations applied to the leading-edge of the vanes of a realistic fan stage is investigated using high-fidelity numerical simulations. The CFD solver PowerFLOW based on a hybrid lattice-Boltzmann/very-large-eddy-simulation model is used to compute the unsteady flow and radiated noise of the 22-in source diagnostic test fan rig of the NASA Glenn Research Center. A computational model validated for three different geometries of the outlet guide vanes with straight leading edge is used. A subset of validation results is reported to prove the capability of the solver to accurately predict the influence of the stator geometry on the far-field noise. Different sinusoidal leading edge serrations are investigated for a radial and a swept stator and the same rotor and operating conditions. The influence of the serrations on the acoustic far-field and noise power level is reported in relation to the statistical properties of the velocity fluctuations in the wake of the rotor. Some noise reductions are obtained when the undulation amplitude and wavelength are large enough compared to the integral scales of the impinging turbulence fluctuations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-154
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Fan noise
  • Source diagnostic test
  • Wavy leading edge


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