An indicator sensor criterion for in-situ characterisation of source vibrations

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Component-based Transfer Path Analysis allows us to analyse and predict vibration propagation between an active source and passive receiver structures. The forces that characterise the active source are determined using sensors placed on the connected passive substructure. These source characterisation forces, often called blocked or equivalent forces, are an inherent and unique property of the source, allowing to predict vibration levels in assemblies with different connected passive structures. In order to obtain a unique and accurate characterisation, accurate measurements are of key importance. The success of the characterisation is not only dependent on the hammer skill of the experimentalist, but also relates to sensor placement, overdetermination and matrix conditioning. In this paper the effects of each of these influences are studied using theoretical approaches, numerical studies and measurements on a benchmark structure designed for in-situ source characterisation. An assembly of two substructures is tested, representing an active substructure with a source and a passive substructure. In order to determine a criterion for the placement of indicator sensors, the effect of the various influences on the in-situ characterisation is compared. Using the results, a structured approach for the use of indicator sensors for in-situ blocked force TPA is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSensors and Instrumentation, Proceedings of the 35th IMAC
Subtitle of host publicationA conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2017
EditorsE. Wee Sit, C. Walber, P. Walter, S. Seidlitz
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-54987-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-54986-6
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series


  • Transfer path analysis
  • Dynamic substructuring
  • Source characterisation
  • Blocked force
  • In-situ
  • Indicator sensors


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