An investigation of operational management solutions and challenges for electric taxiing of aircraft

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Taxiing aircraft using electric towing vehicles (ETVs) is expected to significantly contribute to the objective of climate-neutral aviation by 2050. This study reviews existing work on operational aspects of electric towing of aircraft, and discusses management solutions. We first discuss the varying electric taxi systems currently under development, and their implementation progress at airports. We outline the current specifications of ETVs and the procedures needed to perform electric taxiing movements. We next discuss the management needs for implementing ETVs at an airport, by reviewing existing mathematical models for ETV fleet management: dedicated vehicle routing models, ETV to flight assignment models, fleet sizing models and battery charging optimisation models. Last, we identify remaining research challenges. For instance, a main challenge is to increase the robustness of ETV routing and towing scheduling against disruptions due to flight delay. This paper summarizes the main research directions needed to support large-scale ETV implementation in the next few decades.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101019
Number of pages14
JournalResearch in Transportation Business and Management
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Electric taxiing
  • Charging strategy
  • Routing & Scheduling
  • Operational management

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