Objective: The speed selection behavior of drivers has been reported to vary across driver demographics, psychological attributes, and vehicle-specific factors. In contrast, the effects of roadway geometric, traffic characteristics, and site-specific factors on speed selection are less well known. In addition, the relative degree of speeding has received little attention and thus remains relatively unexplored. This study aims to investigate the effects of roadway geometrics, traffic characteristics, and site-specific factors on speeding behavior of drivers. Methods: A panel mixed logit fractional split model is estimated to analyze the proportion of speed limit violations across highway segments. To account for possible unobserved heterogeneity, the suitability of latent class model specification is also tested. Speeding data were collected from speed cameras along major arterials and highways in Queensland, Australia, and were merged with several other data sources including roadway geometric characteristics, spatial features of the surrounding environment, and driver behavioral factors. Results: The results of the panel mixed logit fractional split model suggest a tendency among drivers to commit minor speed limit violations irrespective of causal factors. Among potential road geometric and traffic factors, radius of horizontal curves, percentage of heavy vehicle traffic on segments with divided median, posted speed limit, and road functional classification are factors that influence speeding behavior. Additionally, the deployment of covert speed cameras is found to decrease the likelihood of major speed limit violations along arterials or highways. Conclusions: An understanding of the influence of roadway geometrics and traffic characteristics on speeding behavior of drivers will inform the design of targeted countermeasures in order to reduce speed limit violations along highways.
- fractional split models
- panel mixed logit fractional split model
- speed limit violation
- Speeding behavior