Assessing the contribution of active somatosensory stimulation to self-acceleration perception in dynamic driving simulators

Mattia Bruschetta, Ksander N. de Winkel, Enrico Mion*, Paolo Pretto, Alessandro Beghi, Heinrich H. Bülthoff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

In dynamic driving simulators, the experience of operating a vehicle is reproduced by combining visual stimuli generated by graphical rendering with inertial stimuli generated by platform motion. Due to inherent limitations of the platform workspace, inertial stimulation is subject to shortcomings in the form of missing cues, false cues, and/or scaling errors, which negatively affect simulation fidelity. In the present study, we aim at quantifying the relative contribution of an active somatosensory stimulation to the perceived intensity of self-motion, relative to other sensory systems. Participants judged the intensity of longitudinal and lateral driving maneuvers in a dynamic driving simulator in passive driving conditions, with and without additional active somatosensory stimulation, as provided by an Active Seat (AS) and Active Belts (AB) integrated system (ASB). The results show that ASB enhances the perceived intensity of sustained decelerations, and increases the precision of acceleration perception overall. Our findings are consistent with models of perception, and indicate that active somatosensory stimulation can indeed be used to improve simulation fidelity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0259015
Number of pages18
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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