Autonomous Navigation for Binary Asteroid Landing

P.A. Elffers, Edoardo Caroselli, E. van Kampen, E. Mooij

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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This paper investigates the performance of an autonomous navigation system to navigate a spacecraft in the proximity of a binary asteroid system using optical and laser ranging measurements. The knowledge about the binary asteroid is limited to its orbital parameters and ellipsoid shape models. The accelerometer bias random walk is included in the estimation process. Over a four-hour landing maneuver starting from 6770 m altitude and ending at 550 m, the mean position estimation uncertainty is 41.6 m (3$\bm{\sigma}$). It is shown that the navigation accuracy is sensitive to the Sun phase angle, the irregularity of the asteroid shape, and the goodness of fit of the ellipsoid shape model. The paper demonstrates that the navigation system is robust to large errors in the initialization of the extended Kalman filter state. The impact of image distortion and two types of image noise on the navigation performance are investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the AIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-62410-711-5
Publication statusPublished - 2024
EventAIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum - Orlando, United States
Duration: 8 Jan 202412 Jan 2024


ConferenceAIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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