Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientific


Buildings are an essential part of living for everyone in the world. They provide at the most basic level shelter and safety. Buildings are where people live, work, and play.

The construction sector in the European Union is, however, the highest producer of waste when compared to other economic sectors, accounting for 35% of the total waste generated (Eurostat, 2018). At the same time the creation, running, maintenance, and refurbishment of buildings are highly resource and energy intensive. Up to 50% of globally extracted resources are used to construct buildings and associated infrastructures (UNEP, 2020). Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from material extraction, manufacturing of construction products, construction, and renovation of buildings are estimated at 5–12% of total national GHG emissions. Construction and demolition material (CDM) efficiency and construction and demolition waste (CDW) prevention could significantly reduce those emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Recycling
Subtitle of host publicationState-of-the-art for Practitioners, Analysts, and Scientists
EditorsChristina Meskers, Ernst Worrell, Markus A. Reuter
Place of PublicationAmsterdam/Oxford/Cambridge, MA
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780323860130
ISBN (Print)9780323855143
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


Dive into the research topics of 'Buildings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this