Centimeter-Level Indoor Visible Light Positioning

Ran Zhu, Maxim Van Den Abeele, Jona Beysens, Jie Yang, Qing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Visible light positioning (VLP) based on the received signal strength (RSS) can leverage a dense deployment of LEDs in future lighting infrastructure to provide accurate and energy-efficient indoor positioning. However, its positioning accuracy heavily depends on the density of collected fingerprints, which is labor-intensive. In this work, we propose a data pre-processing method, including data cleaning and data augmentation, to construct reliable and dense fingerprint samples, thereby alleviating the impact of noisy samples as well as reducing labor intensity. Extensive experiments demonstrate that our proposed method achieves an average positioning error of 1.7 cm, utilizing a sparse dataset that reduces the fingerprint collection effort by 98 percent. Running a tinyML-based model for VLP on the Arduino Nano microcontroller, we also show the possibilities for deploying RSS fingerprint-based VLP systems on resource-constrained embedded devices for real-world applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-53
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Communications Magazine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2024


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