The order includes obligately anaerobic, extremely salt-tolerant, and alkaliphilic anaerobic bacteria hydrolyzing chitin and fermenting its monomer to H2, organic acids, and alcohols. The cells are small motile vibrios with a Gram-negative type of cell wall structure. They accumulate intracellular ectoine as a compatible solute. Members are found in hypersaline soda lakes (Sorokin et al., 2012, 2014). It is the only order in the class Chitinivibrionia (phylum Fibrobacterota) and consists of a single family, the Chitinivibrionaceae. Type genus: Chitinivibrio Sorokin et al. 2014, VL160.
|Name||Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria, Online|