CMOS integrated circuits for the quantum information sciences

Jens Anders, Masoud babaie, Imran Bashir, Edoardo Charbon, Lotte Geck, Mohamed I. Ibrahim, Fabio Sebastiano, Robert Bogdan Staszewski, Andrei Vladimirescu, More Authors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Over the past decade, significant progress in quantum technologies has been made, and hence, engineering of these systems has become an important research area. Many researchers have become interested in studying ways in which classical integrated circuits can be used to complement quantum mechanical systems, enabling more compact, performant, and/or extensible systems than would be otherwise feasible. In this article - written by a consortium of early contributors to the field - we provide a review of some of the early integrated circuits for the quantum information sciences. Complementary metal - oxide semiconductor (CMOS) and bipolar CMOS (BiCMOS) integrated circuits for nuclear magnetic resonance, nitrogen-vacancy-based magnetometry, trapped-ion-based quantum computing, superconductor-based quantum computing, and quantum-dot-based quantum computing are described. In each case, the basic technological requirements are presented before describing proof-of-concept integrated circuits. We conclude by summarizing some of the many open research areas in the quantum information sciences for CMOS designers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5100230
Pages (from-to)1-30
Number of pages30
JournalIEEE Transactions on Quantum Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • CMOS integrated circuits
  • Codes
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance
  • Quantum computing
  • quantum sensing
  • Quantum state
  • Qubit
  • Radio frequency
  • Superconducting magnets


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