In this work, we have simultaneously examined, electrochemically driven deposition of three proteins (haemoglobin, acid phosphatase, and α-amylase) and silica films at a polarized liquid–liquid interface. The interfacial adsorption of the proteins occurs efficiently within the acidic pH range (pH = 2–4). The interfacial charge transfer reactions recorded in the presence of fully positivity charged macromolecules were followed with cyclic voltammetry on the positive side of the potential window. Faradaic currents attributed to the presence of proteins in the aqueous phase appeared for concentrations equal to ca. 0.1 µM for haemoglobin and acid phosphatase and ca. 1 µM for the α-amylase. Concomitant deposition of silica films was achieved via the addition of tetraethoxysilane molecules to the organic phase (1,2-dichloroethane). The hydrolysis and condensation reactions of tetraethoxysilane were controlled via the interfacial transfer of H+ coinciding with the potential for protein adsorption. The effect of tetraethoxysilane concentration – up to 50% by volume – revealed significant shrinkage of the potential window (the region where capacitive currents are recorded). The optimized platform was then used to prepare silica-proteins co-deposits. These could be easily collected from the interface and further analyzed with infrared spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy.
- Acid phosphatase
- Electrified liquid-liquid interface
- Interfacial deposition
- The sol-gel process of silica