Comparing the Active, Functional, and Passive Range of Motion of Finger Joints Using Dynamic Measurement

Tianyun Yuan*, Yu Song, Richard H.M. Goossens, Gerald A. Kraan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review


Studies on finger kinematics, especially the range of motion (RoM) measurements, are essential to understand the use of finger joints and the pathology of related disease. Limited literatures compared the active RoM (A-RoM) of finger joints with either their functional RoM (F-RoM) or passive RoM (p-RoM) using different measuring protocols and tools. This study aims to provide an overall comparison including all three types of RoMs. We measured A-RoM, F-RoM, and P-RoM, using a dynamic measurement system. Our goal is to investigate the relationships among the three RoMs by comparing their extreme rotation angles. The results suggested that P-RoM was the largest motion range, and F-RoM can exceed their A-RoM. The F-RoM of distal-interphalangeal joints may rotated 8–20° more than their A-RoM, mainly during precise and power manipulations. Besides to A-RoM, knowledge of F-RoM and P-RoM are also important for a comprehensive understanding for clinical practice, and thus, to support the optimization and evaluation of treatment devices for finger joint, such as implant replacement.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConvergence
Subtitle of host publicationBreaking Down Barriers Between Disciplines
EditorsMarijke Melles
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-32198-6
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Publication series

NameSpringer Series in Design and Innovation
ISSN (Print)2661-8184
ISSN (Electronic)2661-8192

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • 3D motion analysis
  • Activities of daily living
  • Finger kinematics


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