Comprehensive validation of three-dimensional finite element modelling of wheel-rail high-frequency interaction via the V-Track test rig

Pan Zhang, Chunyan He, Chen Shen, Rolf Dollevoet, Zili Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Wheel-rail high-frequency interaction is closely related to the formation of railway short-wave defects. Finite element (FE) method has been widely used to simulate wheel-rail dynamic systems, but its validity in modelling high-frequency interaction has not been fully demonstrated in three dimensions (3D). This work aims at comprehensively validating the 3D FE modelling of wheel-rail high-frequency interaction using a downscale V-Track test rig. First, the FE model of the V-Track is developed that comprehensively includes the 3D track elasticity. The simulated track dynamic behaviours are validated against hammer tests, and the major vibration modes are analyzed employing modal analysis. Afterwards, the simulate wheel-rail dynamic responses are comprehensively compared with measurement results up to 10 kHz. Their characteristic frequencies are identified and correlated to the eigenmodes of the vehicle-track system. The results indicate that the proposed 3D FE model is capable of comprehensively and accurately simulating the 3D track dynamics and wheel-rail dynamic interaction of the V-Track up to 10 kHz. Rail vibrations dominate the wheel-rail dynamic contact within 10 kHz, while the wheel vibrations play an increasingly important role at higher frequencies and become decisive near the wheel eigenmode frequencies. The V-Track overall achieves dynamic similarity to the real vehicle-track system.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages25
JournalVehicle System Dynamics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • 3D finite element modelling
  • comprehensive validation
  • high-frequency interaction
  • V-Track test rig
  • vibration modes
  • Wheel-rail dynamic system

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