Constrained Aerodynamic Shape Optimisation of the Flying V Outer Wing

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The Flying V is a flying wing aircraft consisting of two pressurized passenger cabins placed in a V shape. Its longitudinal and lateral control is ensured via elevons and split flaps on the outboard wing, and rudders on the tip-mounted winglets. The goal of this study is to devise a design for the outboard wing of the Flying V through a constrained aerodynamic shape optimization at cruise conditions. The design process is divided into a geometry preparation phase in which the existing parametrization is adjusted, followed by a planform design optimization guided by the Differential Evolution algorithm making use of a vortex-lattice method and an Euler flow analysis. The cross-sectional shape of the wing is subsequently optimized through a Free-Form Deformation (FFD) shape optimization based on the Euler equations. Two FFD optimizations are conducted to evaluate the effect of the integration of the elevons. The highest lift-to-drag ratio is obtained by neglecting the control surface integration and amounts to 20.3. While the constraints related to this elevon integration reduce the efficiency to 19.4. The overall efficiency gain compared to the original aircraft design is equivalent to 13% and 8%, respectively. A further increase is expected once the inefficient outboard wing is optimized in more detail.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA AVIATION 2023 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-62410-704-7
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventAIAA AVIATION 2023 Forum - San Diego, United States
Duration: 12 Jun 202316 Jun 2023


ConferenceAIAA AVIATION 2023 Forum
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego


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