De-risking European CCS operations with the most complete earthquake catalogue for the North Sea

T. Kettlety, E. Martuganova, D. Kühn, J. Schweitzer, C. Weemstra, B. Baptie, T. Dahl-Jensen, J.M. Kendall

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With the development of several CO₂ storage operations in the North Sea, there is a clear need to better characterise the seismic hazard and stress state in the region. Faults and associated fracture sets can act as hydraulic pathways for unintended CO₂ migration, ill-defined stress states can lead to numerous operational difficulties, and induced seismicity will be a clear risk as CO₂ is injected into subsurface reservoirs. Seismicity can reveal the location and extent of faults and fractures, and can be used to invert for the state of stress. Both operators and regulators therefore need a clear understanding of the rate of natural seismicity, to identify and distinguish induced events from natural, and to assess the likelihood of induced fault reactivation. This requires a dedicated, site specific background monitoring programme, as well as a high-quality seismic catalogue for the region around any CO₂ storage operation. Our study has produced the first dedicated seismic catalogue of the North Sea, based on all available data from each of the relevant seismological agencies. This dataset fosters further studies into seismic hazard, leakage risk, and stress state in a region that will be vital for European CO₂ storage efforts in the coming decades.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event84th EAGE ANNUAL Conference and Exhibition 2023 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 5 Jun 20238 Jun 2023
Conference number: 84


Conference84th EAGE ANNUAL Conference and Exhibition 2023
Abbreviated titleEAGE 2023


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