Descriptive modeling of freight tour formation: A shipment-based approach

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An increasing amount of research is dedicated to the consideration of tour formation in freight transportation demand models. While empirical tour formation models so far have been starting from limiting assumptions about the resulting trips, we develop a generalized shipment-based model. We formulate a random utility model embedded in an iterative algorithm to construct tours through the incremental allocation of shipments. It considers different objectives and constraints and acknowledges the difference between commodity, vehicle and location types. Parameters are estimated on a large and comprehensive shipment database. The model reproduces observed tour statistics well for the given set of shipments.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101989
JournalTransportation Research. Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
Issue number101989
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Discrete choice model
  • Freight transportation modeling
  • Road transport survey
  • Tour formation

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