Running time calculation is an essential ingredient in train timetabling. Traditionally, the technical minimum running times are computed in detail after which a running time supplement is added to obtain the scheduled running times. This running time supplement must be translated into lower cruising speeds or coasting regimes to cover the entire scheduled running time for on-time running. How this is done determines the exact time-distance train paths and the energy consumption of the trains. This chapter explains how train trajectory optimization can be used to compute energy-efficient train trajectories between two stops, over multiple stops including the optimal allocation of running time supplements between the stops, and over corridors considering the track occupation of multiple trains. It is argued that microscopic train timetabling based on energy-efficient train trajectories and blocking time theory is required to design robust conflict-free timetables that enable energy-efficient train operation. The theory is illustrated with many examples under realistic conditions, such as varying gradients and speed restrictions.
|Title of host publication
|Energy-Efficient Train Operation
|Subtitle of host publication
|A System Approach for Railway Networks
|Shuai Su, Zhongbei Tian, Rob M. P. Goverde
|Number of pages
|Published - 2023
|Lecture Notes in Mobility
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