Estimating a Reliable Water Budget at A Basin Scale: A Comparison between the Geostatistical and Traditional Methods (Foro River Basin, Central Italy)

Alessia Di Giovanni*, Diego Di Curzio, Davide Pantanella, Cristiana Picchi, Sergio Rusi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Recently, new numerical methods have been applied to weather data for the estimation of water budget, especially when the lack of measured data is considerable. Geostatistics is one of the most powerful approaches when it comes to studying spatially relevant natural phenomena, as it considers the spatial correlation among measurements over a specific study area and provides the associate uncertainty. In this study, we tested the feasibility of using a geostatistical method to provide a reliable estimation of the water budget of the Foro river basin (Central Italy) by comparing the obtained results with those of a traditional yet robust method. The results obtained with the geostatistical approach proved to be in line with the ones from the traditional method. Additionally, it was possible to quantify the uncertainty associated with the discharge values, making the estimates more reliable than the ones obtained with the traditional approach. However, the yearly distribution of river discharge obtained using both methods appeared to be dissimilar to the measured ones. The surface water uses, as well as the regulatory effect of the carbonate and alluvial aquifer regime, may affect the river discharge variability over the year and then can account for similar discrepancies between the inflow and outflow water volumes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4083
Number of pages16
JournalWater
Volume15
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • water budget
  • Ordinary Kriging
  • alluvial basin

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