Evaluating strategies to improve process efficiency of denitrification-based MICP

Vinh Phu Pham, Leon A. van Paassen, Wouter R.L. van der Star, Timo J. Heimovaara

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16 Citations (Scopus)
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Microbially induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) through denitrification can potentially be applied as a bio-based ground improvement technique. Two strategies involving multiple batch treatments in a modified triaxial test setup were used to study the process efficiency. Both strategies aim to achieve 1 weight percentage (% by weight) of precipitated calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and differ in number of flushes, hydraulic residence time, and substrate concentrations. In the experiment with few flushes and high substrate concentrations the microbial process was inhibited, only 0.28% by weight CaCO3 was measured in the sand after 5 weeks of treatment. The regime with many flushes and low substrate concentrations stimulated microbial growth resulting in 0.65% by weight CaCO3 within the same time period. Biomass growth and nitrogen gas production were stable throughout the experiment at low concentration, reducing the hydraulic conductivity of the sand, which eventually led to clogging. Precipitation rates up to 0.26% by weight/day CaCO3 were observed. Applying a suitable substrate regime and residence time is important to limit inhibition and maintain the cell activity, allow for an efficient conversion, and generate a good precipitation rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04018049
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

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Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


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