Evidence for a chemical clock in oscillatory formation of UiO-66

M. G. Goesten*, M. F. De Lange, A. I. Olivos-Suarez, A. V. Bavykina, P. Serra-Crespo, C. Krywka, F. M. Bickelhaupt, F. Kapteijn, J. Gascon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)
61 Downloads (Pure)


Chemical clocks are often used as exciting classroom experiments, where an induction time is followed by rapidly changing colours that expose oscillating concentration patterns. This type of reaction belongs to a class of nonlinear chemical kinetics also linked to chaos, wave propagation and Turing patterns. Despite its vastness in occurrence and applicability, the clock reaction is only well understood for liquid-state processes. Here we report a chemical clock reaction, in which a solidifying entity, metal-organic framework UiO-66, displays oscillations in crystal dimension and number, as shown by X-ray scattering. In rationalizing this result, we introduce a computational approach, the metal-organic molecular orbital methodology, to pinpoint interaction between the tectonic building blocks that construct the metal-organic framework material. In this way, we show that hydrochloric acid plays the role of autocatalyst, bridging separate processes of condensation and crystallization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11832
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2016


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