Exploring Extended Mind-Wandering Through an Interactive Haptic Fidget Object

J.A. Eichenlaub, G. Huisman, H. Xue

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Mind-wandering (MW) and fidgeting are both present as pervasive phenomena in everyday life and can positively impact ideation. Importantly, within the MW experience, MW can manifest in bodily behaviors such as physical fidgeting. Here, we use an extended mind framework to consider fidgeting as a case of extended MW, where (part of) a MW episode is mediated by a fidget object. We position extended MW, fidgeting, and cognition as interrelated processes. We present the design of an interactive haptic fidget object that aims to support introspective self-awareness in MW and aid in idea synthesis. We discuss the results of an exploratory user evaluation in which the fidget object was used by designers during a personally relevant work session combining research, synthesis, and creativity. We close this paper by discussing the initial findings of our research, the implications for extended MW, and additional propositions for future research directions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference (DIS '23)
Place of PublicationNew York, NY, USA
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-9893-0
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event2023 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference (DIS'23) - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: 10 Jul 202314 Jul 2023


Conference2023 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference (DIS'23)
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • mind-wandering
  • fdgeting
  • extended mind
  • haptics
  • creativity
  • tan- gible interaction


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