Fatigue delamination behaviour of carbon fibre/epoxy composites interleaved with thermoplastic veils

Dong Quan*, Neal Murphy, Alojz Ivanković, Guoqun Zhao, René Alderliesten

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
315 Downloads (Pure)


Interleaving thermoplastic veils has proved to enhance the interlaminar fracture toughness of carbon fibre/epoxy composites under static loading conditions. However, the fatigue delamination behaviour has yet to be investigated. Herein, meltable Polyamide-12 (PA) veils and non-meltable Polyphenylene-sulphide (PPS) veils were used for interlay toughening of unidirectional (UD) and non-crimp fabric (NCF) laminates that were manufactured using a prepreg process and resin transfer moulding process, respectively. The results of Mode-I fatigue delamination tests demonstrated a significant improvement in the fatigue life of the laminates due to interleaving. Additionally, the fatigue resistance energy has been maximumly increased by 143% and 190% for the UD and NCF laminates, respectively. The microscopy analysis revealed that the toughening mechanisms of thermoplastic veils were affected by the form of the thermoplastic veils in the laminates (melted or non-melted), the fracture mechanisms of the reference laminates and the adhesion/miscibility between the thermoplastic veils and the epoxy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114903
Number of pages7
JournalComposite Structures
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Fatigue delamination
  • Interlay toughening
  • Thermoplastic fibres
  • Toughening mechanism


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