In this work, a new finite element modelling (FEM) approach is followed to model spatiotemporally resolved water uptake in organic coatings. To this aim, we start from a physical model, where not only Fickian diffusion of water is taken into account but also the adsorption/desorption reaction of water on the polymer matrix. Starting from a number of important coating properties and crucial model parameters, derived from gravimetric and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) measurements as the model input, the local water concentration over the coating thickness as a function of time is modelled for a polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA) coating. The modelled water concentration is then used to calculate virtual capacitance values which are evaluated against experimental capacitance values extracted from impedance measurements. The constraints of the FEM model and ORP-EIS experiments and the discrepancies between them are critically discussed in order to carry out a meaningful model validation, eventually leading to model improvements.
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- Comsol Multiphysics
- Water transport