Flow experience influenced by car adjustments

Andre Russ*, Alexa Sibylla Wagner, Louisa Liesner, Ferit Küçükay, Peter Vink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Today's cars offer a variety of possible setting options which have to be chosen by the driver. In order to examine the psychological effect of automatic adjustments in comparison to manual adjustments of the chassis and drive train while driving, a test vehicle was built up and tested in a naturalistic field operation test (nFOT) through various development stages. 207 BMW employees participated in the study focusing on emotional feedback and flow experience. The results were used to improve the function and to start the test scenario again. The automatic adjustment of the car's setting (driving mode) due to the detection of the intended driving style of the subjects was preferred to the manual adjustments. Additionally, the feeling of safety increased while the level of distraction decreased. Our findings show that in addition to the positive technical aspects of an automatic adjustment, there is also an increase in driving experience, measured by the flow experience and the feeling of safety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-56
Number of pages11
JournalTransportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Automation
  • Development process
  • Driving experience
  • Flow experience


Dive into the research topics of 'Flow experience influenced by car adjustments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this